Introducing 10 major penetration test tools. Complementing the following tools with technician expertise can simplify tedious manual code reviews.
Craftsmen need to combine the right skills and tools to create masterpieces. Tools can be an important aid in the process of creating the best work, but this process also requires the proper experience and expertise of the craftsman.
Similar to the craftsman’s toolbox, the penetration tester’s toolbox has a variety of penetration testing tools to use depending on your business goals.
Below, we will look at some of the best penetration testing tools available for free. This article is not a direct comparison of the tools. The tool you use depends on the evaluation type of penetration test you are performing. The tools are non-competitive and complement each other to assist in the overall security assessment of penetration testing.
Innovative automated security tools
The result of the automation solution and the improvement of TAT changed the environment of the penetration test tool. Through continuous research and development, tool reliability and user operability are constantly improving. These tools do not fix the original security vulnerabilities, but discover common security vulnerabilities and suggest fixes. Before you start looking for these free hacking tools on the internet, it is essential to examine the background of your assessment. This forms the process of tool selection.
10 Free Penetration Testing Tools We Recommend
Fiddler is a browser and platform independent freeware web proxy tool. This tool has various features that are useful for penetration testing. Users can debug web traffic from any system (running on most operating systems on their PC), smartphones and tablets. For penetration testing tools, Fiddler is primarily used for interception and decryption of HTTPS traffic. Users can manipulate and inspect traffic to identify application vulnerabilities.
Nmap is an abbreviation for “Network Mapper”. This tool is an open source free application used to scan your network and utilizes IP packets to audit your network. Nmap offers a wealth of options for scanning single or diverse IPs, ports and hosts. It also has the ability to scan subnets, identify services running on a host, check the version of the OS used on a remote host, detect vulnerabilities and security holes. It is a very sophisticated tool. You can also use the Nmap output and information as a pre-stage for penetration testing.
Wireshark is an industry standard network protocol analysis tool. The tool captures data packets as they travel across the network and presents them in a readable format to the end user. Wireshark allows users to capture data via Ethernet, Wi-Fi, Npcap adapters, Bluetooth, Token Ring and many other network interfaces. You can also use USBPcap to capture data from a USB-connected network interface. A console version of Wireshark, “tshark” is also provided.
The Metasploit framework is a set of tools that perform penetration tests on your system. Widely used by penetration testers, this versatile tool has the ability to discover vulnerabilities on various platforms, gather information about existing vulnerabilities, and test the security measures implemented. The Metasploit framework is an open source project supported by more than 200,000 community members, which includes penetration testing, implementation of exploitation strategies, testing of installed security measures, conducting investigations and active vulnerabilities. It is a robust framework for contributing to databases.
NIKTO is also known in the penetration testing community and this is the open source penetration testing tool provided under the GPL . NIKTO has various options for its interface to execute commands against the host. This tool explores the host and misconfigures the server, hosts files and programs that have security issues, outdated programs that may expose you to risk, and version-specific versions that may expose your server to risk. It has the ability to detect potential vulnerabilities such as problems. Nikto is available on MacNikto on OS X.
John the Ripper (often called John or JTR) is a well-established password cracking tool. JTR is primarily used to perform dictionary attacks to identify weak password vulnerabilities on the network. JTR is an offline password cracker that can be called locally or remotely. It also supports brute force and rainbow crack attacks.
7. Burp Suite
The primary use of Burp Suite is to intercept all requests and responses between the browser and the target application. The free version can also be used to generate proof-of-concepts for cross-site request forgery (CSRF) attacks on specified requests. There are also application-aware crawlers that can help you create a detailed plan for your application content. More features are available in the paid version.
OpenVAS is a vulnerability scanner derived from the last free version of the tool “Nessus” which was changed to a proprietary license in 2005. The current free version of Nessus only works in non-enterprise environments. Although Nessus is still a reputable vulnerability scanner for security audit purposes, it now costs around $2,000 a year to license companies for scanning. OpenVAS allows users to run a variety of vulnerability scans and create exportable reports featuring comprehensive scans to develop a security strategy.
Aircrack-ng is a wireless password cracking tool for the 802.11a/b/g family of wireless networks that supports raw monitor (rfmon) mode. The tool captures network traffic in monitor mode and runs a cracking algorithm to restore WEP and WPA keys when enough data is collected. Aircrack-ng tools include Airodump-ng (packet capture program), Airsnort-ng (encryption key cracker), Aireplay-ng (traffic generation tool), Airdecap-ng (composite tool for captured files), etc. It consists of various tools.
With the increasing number of wireless LAN hacks, Kismet has become an important tool for detecting intrusions and packet sniffing on the 802.11a/b/g family of WLANs that support raw monitor (rfmon) mode. Kismet is a handy and powerful tool that works in passive mode to identify access points and client SSIDs on your wireless network. You can map hidden SSIDs and access points to each other to identify hidden or non-beacon networks. Kismet also allows you to log traffic in a format compatible with Wireshark for further analysis.
Summary of Penetration Testing Tools
These penetration testing tools can simplify tedious manual code reviews. These tools also make the review speed and accuracy relatively high. Appropriate penetration testing assessment means assessing the organizations involved, assessment information, requirements and stakeholders rather than just choosing one tool from the list above. This process helps develop an ideal strategy, including the use of tools to effectively and efficiently identify and resolve security vulnerabilities.
You MAY ALSO LIKE